3 bargains in Berkshire's portfolio

This trio of stocks in Berkshire Hathaway are undervalued according to our metrics

Susan Dziubinski 17 December, 2019 | 1:35AM

Warren Buffett holding cards

Last month, Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.A) (BRK.B) filed its third-quarter holdings (13-F). As Morningstar's sector strategist (and resident Berkshire specialist) Gregg Warren noted, Occidental Petroleum (OXY) dominated the equity purchase activity during the quarter, and Berkshire's pickup of luxury retailer Restoration Hardware (RH) made headlines.

However, neither of these stocks is trading in buying range today by our measures: Occidental is trading at 3-star levels, suggesting shares are fairly valued when adjusted for their uncertainty risk; RH is a 2-star stock, which means it's overvalued today. In fact, most of the companies Berkshire owns are fairly to slightly overvalued. It's no wonder: If Warren Buffett and his managers like these stocks, other investors inevitably will, too.

However, there are a few bargains tucked away in the portfolio. Here's a look at three of them.

DaVita (DVA)
Morningstar Rating (as of Dec 12, 2019): 3 stars
Uncertainty Rating: Medium
Economic Moat: Narrow

Though the stock is a small position in Berkshire's portfolio (around 1%), Berkshire owns about a fourth of the company's stock, making it the largest shareholder. We assign the largest dialysis provider in the United States a narrow Morningstar Economic Moat Rating, thanks to its dominant and essential position in its market.

So why is this "moaty" stock one of the few in the portfolio still trading at a discount? Regulatory concerns have pressured the stock, explains sector director Damien Conover.

"While there's been much investor concern over the last few years that ultimately stems from an industry structure that levies industrywide profits on a small handful of commercially insured patients, we'd caution investors to not lose sight of the bigger picture," Conover says. "DaVita provides lifesaving healthcare services to chronically ill patients in a lower-cost, outpatient setting. Since the alternative to outpatient dialysis is higher cost, less efficient, and more burdensome acute therapy, we see little likelihood of DaVita faltering due to regulatory disruption in the long term."

Ongoing scrutiny of patient assistance programs could cause some pain for the industry if any changes would limit patients' ability to remain on their commercial plans, he admits. But over time, this would catalyze further industry consolidation, "leaving DaVita in a comparably advantaged position versus smaller, independent peers that lack the cost advantages present in DaVita's operations," he says.

General Motors (GM)
Morningstar Rating (as of Dec 12, 2019): 4 stars
Uncertainty Rating: High
Economic Moat: None

GM takes up a little more than 1% of Berkshire's portfolio, and Berkshire owns about 5% of GM's outstanding stock.

GM is the market leader in the U.S., but it doesn't have an economic moat, says sector strategist David Whiston. Although carmaking is capital-intensive, barriers to entry aren't as high as they once were. And given how competitive the industry is, it's nearly impossible for one firm to gain a sustainable advantage, he notes.

Nevertheless, we think there's a lot to like about GM.

"We think General Motors' car models are of the best quality and design in decades," argues Whiston. "The company is already a leader in truck models, so a competitive lineup in all segments, combined with a much smaller cost base, says to us that GM is starting to realize the scale to match its size."

Whiston calls GM's earnings potential "excellent," noting that automaker finally has a healthy North American unit and a nearly mature finance arm with GM Financial. GM has also engaged in cost-saving measures, including a solution for retiree healthcare costs and plant closings.

Last, consumers are willing to pay more for GM products than they have in the past.

"GM now operates in a demand-pull model where it can produce only to meet demand, is structured to do no worse than break even at the bottom of an economic cycle, and is about to see the upside to having a high degree of operating leverage. The result is higher profits despite lower U.S. market share," he concludes.

Kraft Heinz (KHC)
Morningstar Rating (as of Dec 12, 2019): 4 stars
Uncertainty Rating: High
Economic Moat: None

At nearly 5% of total assets, Kraft Heinz is a more-sizable position in Berkshire's portfolio; Berkshire also owns nearly 27% of KHC's shares.

It's been a rough road for Kraft Heinz shareholders. The company has focused on driving out inefficiencies for the past several years, which boosted operating margins. But sales have languished, falling 0.3% on an annual basis organically since fiscal 2015, reports director Erin Lash. Management prioritized near-term cash flow at the expense of protecting its competitive position. Not surprisingly, we don't think Kraft Heinz has an economic moat today.

"Although new CEO Miguel Patricio seems to be holding his cards close to his chest for now (reasonable given he's only been at the helm since June), we believe his dissatisfaction with its performance and seeming determination to steady the firm's footing may prove to be the ingredients necessary to ultimately buoy longer-term gains," says Lash.

To that end, Patricio has been vocal about rooting out inefficiencies rather than simply cutting costs and bolstering the investments behind its brands. He plans to share his strategic roadmap in early 2020. His thinking seems to be in line with ours.

"However, we don't expect near-term catalysts to materially narrow the gap relative to our assessment of Kraft Heinz's intrinsic value and suggest investors employ patience with the no-moat name," reminds Lash.

Securities Mentioned in Article

Security NamePriceChange (%)Morningstar Rating
Berkshire Hathaway Inc A340,199.05 USD-1.22
Berkshire Hathaway Inc B226.86 USD-1.10
DaVita Inc83.19 USD3.34
General Motors Co34.31 USD-1.63
Occidental Petroleum Corp42.22 USD-0.71
RH221.11 USD-2.10
The Kraft Heinz Co30.41 USD-0.88

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Susan Dziubinski

Susan Dziubinski  Susan Dziubinski is director of content for Morningstar.com.